The manufacturing industry plays a vital role in the global economy, producing goods and providing employment opportunities across the globe for millions of people. That being said, as the industry becomes more digitized and connected, it also becomes more vulnerable to cyber attacks.
Cyber security threats in manufacturing industry can have far-reaching consequences, from financial losses and production downtime to supply chain disruptions and even physical damage to equipment and facilities.
In this article, we will explore the different types of cyber security threats that the manufacturing industry faces, as well as the impact that these threats can have on a manufacturing company’s operations. We will also discuss best practices for protecting manufacturing systems and data from cyber threats, including access control measures, network segmentation, regular patching and updates, and incident response and disaster recovery planning.
Types of Cyber Security Threats in Manufacturing Industry
The manufacturing industry faces a range of cyber security threats that can impact operations, systems, and data. Here are some of the most common types of cyber security threats that the manufacturing industry faces:
- Phishing Attacks: Phishing attacks involve the use of fake emails or messages to trick users into revealing sensitive information or downloading malware onto their systems. In the manufacturing industry, phishing attacks may target employees who have access to sensitive production data or financial information.
- Ransomware Attacks: Ransomware attacks involve the use of malware that encrypts a company’s files, rendering them inaccessible until a ransom is paid. In the manufacturing industry, ransomware attacks can cause significant disruptions to production and supply chain operations.
- Supply Chain Attacks: Supply chain attacks involve the infiltration of a company’s supply chain network to gain unauthorized access to production data or systems. These attacks can result in the theft of intellectual property or the disruption of production operations.
- Insider Threats: Insider threats involve the intentional or unintentional actions of employees or contractors who have access to a company’s systems and data. In the manufacturing industry, insider threats may involve the theft of trade secrets or the accidental release of confidential production data.
- Internet of Things (IoT) Security Threats: The manufacturing industry is becoming increasingly reliant on IoT devices to monitor and control production operations. However, these devices can be vulnerable to cyber attacks, which can result in the disruption of production operations or the theft of sensitive data.
The Impact of Cyber Security Threats in Manufacturing Industry
The impact of cyber security threats in the manufacturing industry can be significant and catastrophic if not handled in a professional and timely manner. These threats can cause financial losses in the millions, supply chain disruptions, and reputational damage to a business. When Honda was hit by a cyber attack in June of 2020, their stock fell sharply by 15% in the week that the news was released.
The top ways that cyber security threats impact the manufacturing industry include:
- Production Downtime: When a cyber attack occurs, it can cause a variety of disruptions to the manufacturing process, including system outages, equipment failures, and network connectivity issues. These disruptions can result in unplanned downtime, which can have a significant impact on the production schedule and the bottom line.
- Financial Losses: One of the primary ways that cyber security threats can result in financial losses is through production downtime. Unplanned downtime can cost manufacturers up to $260,000 per hour. Cyber attacks can also result in financial losses for manufacturing companies through the cost of investigating and recovering from the attack, as well as potential fines and legal fees.
- Intellectual Property Theft: Intellectual property theft is a significant consequence of cyber security threats in the manufacturing industry. Manufacturing companies invest significant resources into developing new products, processes, and technologies that give them a competitive advantage. When this intellectual property is stolen or compromised, it can have a significant impact on the company’s ability to compete and generate revenue.
- Supply Chain Disruptions: With the increasing complexity of global supply chains, manufacturers are becoming more vulnerable to cyber attacks that can disrupt their operations and impact their ability to deliver products to customers.
- Reputational Damage: When a company is targeted by a cyber attack and sensitive information is compromised, it can result in a loss of trust and confidence from customers, investors, and other stakeholders. This can have long-lasting and far-reaching consequences for the company’s reputation and bottom line.
The impact of cyber security threats on a manufacturing company can be significant and long-lasting. Therefore, it is important for manufacturing companies to take proactive measures to protect their systems and data from potential cyber threats. This may include implementing cybersecurity policies and procedures, educating employees on cybersecurity best practices, and regularly testing and updating security systems.
Key Cyber Security Measures for the Manufacturing Industry
The manufacturing industry is a critical part of the global economy, and as such, it is a prime target for cyber criminals looking to exploit vulnerabilities in production systems and supply chains. To protect against cyber security threats, manufacturing companies must implement a range of measures to secure their systems and data.
Here are some key cyber security measures that manufacturing companies should consider:
Implement Access Control Measures
Access control measures help to prevent unauthorized access to production systems and data. This may include implementing multi-factor authentication for access to critical systems, limiting access to production systems to only authorized personnel, and regularly reviewing and updating access permissions.
Network segmentation involves dividing a network into smaller subnetworks, each with its own set of security controls. This can help to contain the impact of a cyber attack, as an attacker who gains access to one subnetwork will not be able to access other subnetworks.
Regular Patching and Updates
Manufacturing companies must regularly update their systems and software to patch vulnerabilities and address known security issues. This can help to prevent cyber criminals from exploiting known vulnerabilities to gain access to production systems.
Employee Education and Awareness
Employee education and awareness is critical in preventing cyber security threats. Manufacturing companies should provide regular training to employees on cyber security best practices, such as avoiding phishing emails and using strong passwords.
Incident Response and Disaster Recovery Planning
Manufacturing companies should have a comprehensive incident response and disaster recovery plan in place to mitigate the impact of a potential cyber attack. This should include regular testing and updating of the plan to ensure that it is effective in responding to different types of cyber security threats.
Implement IoT Security Measures
Manufacturing companies must implement security measures for IoT devices, including regular updates and patches, monitoring for abnormal behavior, and implementing access controls.
Regular Security Audits
Manufacturing companies should conduct regular security audits to identify potential vulnerabilities and areas for improvement in their security systems and processes.
By implementing these key cyber security measures, manufacturing companies can better protect their systems and data from potential cyber security threats. It is important for manufacturing companies to take a proactive approach to cyber security to prevent potential disruptions to production operations and damage to their reputation. If your company doesn’t already have an in-house IT department, now is the time to outsource your IT to a trusted partner like Sabre Limited.
Case Studies of Cyber Security Threats in the Manufacturing Industry
There have been several high-profile cyber security incidents in the manufacturing industry in recent years, highlighting the significant impact that cyber attacks can have on production operations and supply chains. Here are a few notable case studies:
In 2020, Honda was hit by a ransomware attack that disrupted production operations and forced some plants to shut down temporarily. The attack affected Honda’s global network, including production facilities in the US, UK, Canada, Brazil, and India. While Honda was able to recover from the attack relatively quickly, it highlighted the potential for cyber attacks to disrupt production operations and cause significant financial losses.
In 2019, Norsk Hydro, a global aluminum company, was hit by a ransomware attack that affected its production systems and forced the company to switch to manual operations. The attack caused significant disruption to Norsk Hydro’s supply chain and resulted in an estimated $52 million in financial losses. However, Norsk Hydro’s incident response and disaster recovery plan was effective in minimizing the impact of the attack, and the company was able to recover relatively quickly.
While not a manufacturing company, Target’s 2013 data breach is a cautionary tale for all industries. The attack resulted in the theft of 40 million credit and debit card numbers, as well as the personal information of 70 million customers. The breach was the result of a vulnerability in Target’s supply chain, as hackers were able to gain access to the company’s systems through a third-party vendor. The attack resulted in significant financial losses for Target, as well as damage to the company’s reputation.
These case studies demonstrate the significant impact that cyber attacks can have on manufacturing companies, from production disruptions to financial losses and damage to reputation. It is critical for manufacturing companies to take proactive measures to secure their systems and data, and to have a comprehensive incident response and disaster recovery plan in place to mitigate the impact of a potential cyber attack.
Future Trends in Cyber Security for Manufacturing Industry
The manufacturing industry is constantly evolving, and so are the cyber security threats that manufacturing companies face. Here are some future trends to keep an eye on in the world of cyber security for manufacturing:
- Internet of Things (IoT) Security: The growth of IoT devices in the manufacturing industry brings with it new security challenges. Connected devices such as sensors, controllers, and smart machines are vulnerable to cyber attacks, and securing them requires a multi-layered approach that includes secure device design, encryption, and authentication.
- Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: AI and ML are increasingly being used in manufacturing operations to improve efficiency and productivity. However, these technologies also bring new security risks, as they can be used by cyber criminals to launch sophisticated attacks such as deep fakes and phishing scams.
- Cloud Security: Cloud computing is becoming increasingly popular in the manufacturing industry, as it offers greater flexibility and scalability for production operations. However, storing data and running applications in the cloud also presents new security challenges, such as securing data in transit and ensuring compliance with data privacy regulations.
- Cyber Insurance: As the risk of cyber attacks continues to grow, many manufacturing companies are turning to cyber insurance as a way to mitigate their financial losses in the event of a security breach. Cyber insurance policies can cover a range of costs, including data recovery, business interruption, and legal fees.
- Collaboration and Information Sharing: Cyber security is a collective effort, and many manufacturing companies are beginning to recognize the value of collaboration and information sharing in the fight against cyber threats. Sharing information about new threats and best practices can help to build a stronger defense against cyber attacks.
These future trends highlight the evolving nature of cyber security threats in the manufacturing industry, and the need for manufacturing companies to stay informed and proactive in their approach to cyber security. By staying up-to-date on the latest threats and technologies, and implementing a comprehensive cyber security strategy, manufacturing companies can help to protect their systems, data, and operations from potential cyber attacks.
Cyber security threats are a growing concern for the manufacturing industry. As the industry becomes increasingly digitized and interconnected, it also becomes more vulnerable to cyber attacks that can disrupt production operations, compromise sensitive data, and damage reputation. However, there are measures that manufacturing companies can take to mitigate the risks of cyber attacks.
In short, cyber security threats pose a significant risk to the manufacturing industry, but by taking proactive measures and staying informed, companies can protect their systems, data, and operations from potential attacks. The future of cyber security in the manufacturing industry depends on the industry’s ability to adapt to new threats and technologies, and to make cyber security a top priority at all levels of the organization.